USD/CAD – Could CPI Renew Volatility In Canadian Dollar?

USD/CAD has reversed directions on Wednesday and posted slight losses. Currently, the pair is trading at 1.3445, down 0.17% on the day. On the release front, Canada releases inflation indicators, led by CPI. The indicator is expected to decline by 0.4%. There are no major releases out of the U.S., but traders will be busy keeping an eye on the Federal Reserve, which is expected to raise rates to a range between 2.25 and 2.50 percent.

The markets are expecting the Federal Reserve is expected to raise interest rates on Wednesday, which would mark the fourth rate hike in 2018. The odds of a rate hike have dropped sharply – only last week, the odds of a hike stood at 77%, but are currently at 66%.

A key factor in the drop is the latest equity sell-off. On Monday, the S&P 500 Index sank to its lowest level since October 2017. Rate hikes are unusual when stock markets are in a downward spiral, but the Fed is likely to press the rate trigger. At the same time, the Fed may try to soothe the nervous markets with a cautious message about further tightening next year, which has boosted the euro ahead of the meeting. Just a few months ago, there was heady talk of three or four rates in 2019, but analysts are now predicting just one hike, as the U.S economy is showing signs of slowing down.

Weaker oil prices have hurt the Canadian economy, dragging down growth and inflation. CPI, the primary gauge of consumer inflation, has struggled, with two declines in the past three months. Will inflation fall again in November? If so, the Canadian dollar could continue to slide. The currency has declined for four straight weeks, dropping 1.8% in that time. In addition to soft oil prices, the global trade war has taken a bite out of Canada’s export sector. The Bank of Canada is expected to respond by scaling back rate hikes. The bank has raised rates three times this year, but stayed on the sidelines at the December meeting. With the Federal Reserve expected to raise rates just once or twice in 2019, there will be less pressure on the BoC to raise rates in 2019.

USD/CAD Fundamentals

Wednesday (December 19)

  • 8:30 Canadian CPI. Estimate -0.4%
  • 8:30 Canadian Core CPI
  • 8:30 US Current Account. Estimate -125B
  • 10:00 US Existing Home Sales. Estimate 5.20M
  • 10:30 US Crude Oil Inventories. Actual -2.7M
  • 14:00 US FOMC Economic Projections
  • 14:00 US FOMC Statement
  • 14:00 US Federal Funds Rate. Estimate <2.50%
  • 14:30 US FOMC Press Conference

*All release times are EST

*Key events are in bold

USD/CAD for Wednesday, December 19, 2018

USD/CAD, December 19 at 7:55 EST

Open: 1.3468 High: 1.3482 Low: 1.3434 Close: 1.3445

USD/CAD Technical


USD/CAD edged lower in Asian trade. In the European session, the pair posted slight gains but reversed directions and headed lower

  • 1.3383 is providing support
  • 1.3461 is a weak resistance line
  • Current range: 1.3383 to 1.3461

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1.3383, 1.3292, 1.3198 and 1.3099
  • Above: 1.3461, 1.3552 and 1.3696

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